Inductive method is based on the repetitive use of the rule which takes a concrete example which helps understand an abstract formula or rule. The child is given examples that work on the basis of the rule, as the example is easily understood; the child grasps such concepts with ease. Based on the various examples given by the educator, the rule for those examples is derived by the child, this creates a platform for active participation.
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The child is able to derive the formula or put the rule to practice easily. As examples are appropriate to the class in general, there is a direct experience which makes it interesting for the child.
The thought process is logical and continuous. As the student and teacher actively contribute to this method of teaching, the relationship between them is stronger.
The teacher is able to assess the calibre at which the children grasp concepts and apply them. The teacher is also able to help those who may still struggle despite this method and can alter their approach accordingly.
Deductive method is based on stating the rule and then given examples to help the child verify the rule or the child will verify the rule by daily observation.
The child is given the rule and many examples are given to support the rule or prove the rule using abacus math for kindergarten . The deductive method helps enhance efficiency and speed.
This method has been observed to be time-saving and suitable for a majority of topics. This method is very effective in the revision stage.
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The inductive method does not suit every type of student.
Another reason this method cannot solely exist is that it is time-consuming and the teacher has to be spontaneous in case the prepared approach does not help make the rule or concept crystal clear to every child.
A major drawback is that the inductive method cannot be used for all topics. Unfortunately, deductive method encourages blind memorization which leads to lack of creativity and originality.
The reasoning may be unclear, but the teacher would not be aware as this method makes the students as passive learners.
Inductive method and deductive method go hand in hand like the two sides of a coin. The most effective way to teach is to put both these approaches to use.
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